Got zits? Don’t Worry You Are Not Alone!
Zits. Almost all women get them at some point or the other in their life. Whether your case is mild or severe, there are many things you can do to keep things under control. In this guide, I will be discussing some dos and don’ts of home acne treatment. Before we do so, let us dive into the basics of acne, in particular, what causes acne in the adulthood as well as things one can do to control it.
What Are The Causes Of Adult Acne?
Acne is formed due to 4 main factors:
Plugged skin pores:
Skin pores get blocked due to sebum, the oily material secreted by the sebaceous glands. This, along with dirt, causes an inflammation of the hair follicles, resulting in acne.
Androgen hormones are present in both men and women. In adult women, hormonal changes could occur during and after pregnancy as well as at the onset of menopause. All these changes, along with the starting or stopping of birth control pills could increase androgens that stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum.
Foods like milk, white bread, watermelon, glutinous rice and pasta, fried noodles as well as and potatoes are high in glycemic index. These foods cause a spike in blood sugar levels and could worsen acne.
Certain factors like pollution and stress aggravate the levels of toxins in the body, in particular, the Propionibacterium or the P.Acnes bacterium. This, along with increased sebum production, can inflame the hair follicle causing pus filled acne.
Other factors like heredity and your lifestyle choices can also trigger acne in adulthood.
Factors That Worsen Acne
Many factors tend to worsen acne. These are:
Nicotine can dry out the skin excessively causing an increase in sebum production.
Unsuitable Facial Treatments:
Facials are generally good for the skin, provided you use products suitable for your skin type. If you use harsh chemicals or face packs, they can damage your skin and could also aggravate acne outbreaks.
Stress of menopause, changes in life situation (such as a new job or divorce, etc.) could also aggravate acne in older women.
Now let us consider some important dos and don’ts of acne.
Important Dos And Don’ts of Adult Acne
1. Do wash your face with a mild cleanser twice a day:
Always use an alcohol-free cleanser. A Board Certified Dermatologist can also suggest a good cleanser effective for your particular skin type.
2. Do not sleep with the makeup on:
Makeup clogs pores and can aggravate acne. Use some baby oil to remove makeup. Follow up with a mild cleanser and toner.
3. Do treat the acne with the right medication :
Many effective acne medicines like benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid can prevent acne from worsening. In case of mature skin, Retinol based products are especially beneficial. Retinol is a derivative of Vitamin A that helps unclog oil ducts. Use the acne cream or gel exactly as directed and avoid the sun when using it.
4. Do shampoo your hair regularly and prevent the hair from touching your face:
This is especially important to prevent forehead acne.
5. Do replace sponges, brushes and other makeup applicators from time to time:
This can help prevent bacteria harboring in them and harming your skin.
6. Do drink plenty of water:
This will keep the pores clear from inside out.
7. Do follow a good diet:
Avoid junk and fried foods and also limit your sweets intake. Drink tea and coffee in moderation. Drink at least 2 cups of green tea daily as it is good for the skin and can help fight acne and acne scars. Stay away from alcohol.
8. Do not smoke:
As already explained, smoking tends to aggravate acne breakouts.
9. Do not pop the acne:
Touching your zits could spread the bacteria to healthy parts of the skin aggravating the acne.
10. Do not over scrub your skin:
Harsh products irritate the skin and could cause the acne to increase.
11. Do limit your sun exposure:
Avoid extreme light and temperatures. Use a sunscreen with SPF 30+ when going outdoors.
12. Do not use greasy cosmetics and oily hair products:
These are heavy on the skin and could clog pores triggering breakouts.
13. Do not ignore your acne:
What starts as one or two pimples can rapidly spiral out of control. Seek help of a Board Certified Dermatologist if your acne does not come is not under control.
14. Do learn to handle stress:
Stress and anxiety aggravate pimples. So sleep for at least 8 hours each night and manage stress using mind body techniques like Yoga and meditation.
15. Do start your acne home treatment slowly and in steps:
For example, if you are using 5% Benzoyl peroxide cream or face-wash, apply it on a small area first to test for allergic reaction. If there is excessive peeling of skin, consider changing the product to a milder concentration.
16. Do use a moisturizing serum:
Acne products can end up drying the skin excessively. So replenish the lost moisture with a good serum, twice a day. The organic and cruelty free Divas Never Age® – Vitamin C Serum With Antioxidants is a skin transforming formula that moisturizes, heals and soothes acne prone skin. It contains potent antioxidants like Vitamin A, C, E and B3 that renew skin and reduce blemishes caused by acne.
Whatever you do, be patient. Give the acne treatment enough time to work and show results. Some women take 3 to 6 weeks to see results, while others could take up to 12 weeks for improvement.
It is no fun having acne and people can say hurtful things about it. Try not to let this bother you. Remember: this is a temporary issue and there are many options to keep it under control.
To uncover more beauty secrets, grab a copy of my book Divas Never Age®-“Divas Are Beautiful”-Book 1.